Lost & Misrepresented Voices of Afghanistan Chapter 2 Page 16

his traumatic ordeal. Hosseini also uses the Biblical reference of the word ‘lamb’ to describe Hassan’s innocence that is destroyed by Assef’s continuous tormenting and bullying of Hassan eventually lead to the torture and rape of the young and naive child Hassan.

Haunting and trauma is a prevalent theme in the novel. Nicholas and Torak state that “what comes back to haunt are the tombs of others” (Nicholas & Torak, 1994, p.172). This seems evidently clear in this novel as the past is resurrected and finally put to peace through Amir’s action to resolve the unfinished business of the initial childhood trauma. Amir is told initially by Rahim Khan ‘that there was a way to be a good again’ (Hosseini, 2009, p.2). Amir had kept the acknowledgement of the